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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003 Sep;124(3):265-76; quiz 340.

Stability of anterior open bite nonextraction treatment in the permanent dentition.

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Department of Orthodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, Alameda Octávio Pinheiro Brisolla 9-75, Bauru-SP-17012-901, Brazil.


This study cephalometrically evaluated the long-term stability of anterior open bite nonextraction treatment in the permanent dentition after a mean period of 5 years. The experimental group consisted of 21 patients who had undergone orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances from whom cephalometric headfilms were obtained at the pretreatment, posttreatment, and postretention stages. Two control groups were used. The first, with ages comparable with the experimental group before treatment, was used only to characterize it. The second control group, with normal occlusion, was longitudinally followed for a period comparable with the posttretention period and was used to compare the changes between groups during this period. The differences between the observation stages in the experimental group were analyzed with paired t tests, and the postretention changes were compared with the changes of the second control group with independent t tests. A statistically significant decrease of the obtained anterior overbite was demonstrated at the end of the postretention period. The primary factor that contributed to the overbite decrease was the smaller vertical development of the maxillary and mandibular incisors in the postretention period. Neither the pretreatment anterior open bite amount nor the magnitude of correction was associated with the long-term overbite decrease. However, 61.9% of the sample had a clinically stable open bite correction.

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