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J Virol. 2003 Oct;77(19):10651-7.

Relationship among location of T-antigen-induced DNA distortion, auxiliary sequences, and DNA replication efficiency.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056, USA.


T-antigen-induced DNA distortion was studied in a series of simian virus 40 (SV40) plasmid constructs whose relative replication efficiency ranges from 0.2 to 36. Bending was detected in the wild-type SV40 regulatory region consisting of three copies of the GC-rich 21-bp repeat but not in constructs with only one or two copies of the 21-bp repeat. In a construct with enhanced replication efficiency, bending occurred in a 69-bp cellular sequence located upstream of a single copy of the 21-bp repeat. Bending occurred both upstream of ori and in the three 21-bp repeats located downstream of ori in a construct with reduced replication efficiency. In a construct with no 21-bp repeats, DNA distortion occurred downstream of ori. The results indicate that SV40 DNA replication is enhanced when the structure of the regulatory region allows the DNA to form a bent structure upstream of the initial movement of the replication fork.

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