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EMBO J. 2003 Sep 15;22(18):4719-27.

Transcription through the roadblocks: the role of RNA polymerase cooperation.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract

During transcription, cellular RNA polymerases (RNAP) have to deal with numerous potential roadblocks imposed by various DNA binding proteins. Many such proteins partially or completely interrupt a single round of RNA chain elongation in vitro. Here we demonstrate that Escherichia coli RNAP can effectively read through the site-specific DNA-binding proteins in vitro and in vivo if more than one RNAP molecule is allowed to initiate from the same promoter. The anti-roadblock activity of the trailing RNAP does not require transcript cleavage activity but relies on forward translocation of roadblocked complexes. These results support a cooperation model of transcription whereby RNAP molecules behave as 'partners' helping one another to traverse intrinsic and extrinsic obstacles.

PMID:
12970184
PMCID:
PMC212720
DOI:
10.1093/emboj/cdg452
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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