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Kidney Int. 2003 Oct;64(4):1522-8.

Effect of beta(2)-microglobulin adsorption column on dialysis-related amyloidosis.

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1
Center of Blood Purification Therapy, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan. takayabe@hitmark.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m) is considered a major pathogenic factor in dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA), often seen in long-term dialysis patients. No effective therapy for this severely debilitating disease is currently available. Lixelle, an adsorption column, has been developed for the elimination of beta2-m; the efficacy of this column has been evaluated in this study.

METHODS:

Seventeen hemodialysis patients with DRA were first treated with high-flux dialysis for a minimum of 1 year. This was followed by 1-year treatment with Lixelle column connected in series to the high-flux dialyzer. Treatments were used three times a week for both phases of this study. During the study period, beta2-m, pinch strength, motor terminal latency, and activities of daily living were evaluated.

RESULTS:

After 1-year treatment with high-flux dialysis the beta2-m level remained unchanged; however, after 1-year treatment with the addition of the Lixelle column, beta2-m level decreased significantly from 34.5 +/- 8.4 mg/L to 28.8 +/- 7.3 mg/L (P < 0.05). After 1 year of Lixelle column use, the pinch strength increased from 6.8 +/- 4.7 pounds to 9.1 +/- 5.5 pounds (P < 0.01), and the median motor terminal latency was significantly reduced from 5.1 +/- 1.0 mseconds to 4.5 +/- 1.1 mseconds. A significant improvement was also observed in the activities of daily living score of the upper extremities.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that the addition of Lixelle to the high-flux dialyzer is associated with a significant clinical improvement in DRA patients.

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