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Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Sep;140(1):23-32. Epub 2003 Jul 29.

Relationship between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR alpha and PPAR gamma) and endothelium-dependent relaxation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

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Department of Physiology and Morphology, Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan.


(1) The aim of the present study was to investigate the causal relationship between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and endothelium-dependent relaxation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. (2) Acetylcholine (ACh)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation was significantly weaker in diabetic rats than in age-matched controls. The decreased relaxation in diabetes was improved by the chronic administration of bezafibrate (30 mg kg-1, p.o., 4 weeks). (3) The expressions of the mRNAs for PPARalpha and PPARgamma were significantly decreased in STZ-induced diabetic rats (compared with the controls) and this decrease was restored partially, but not completely, by the chronic administration of bezafibrate. (4) Superoxide dismutase activity in the aorta was not significantly different between diabetic rats and bezafibrate-treated diabetic rats. (5) The expression of the mRNA for the p22phox subunit of NAD(P)H oxidase was significantly higher in diabetics than in controls, but it was lower in bezafibrate-treated diabetic rats than in nontreated diabetic rats. Although the expression of the mRNA for prepro ET-1 (ppET-1) was markedly increased in diabetic rats (compared with controls), this increase was prevented to a significant extent by the chronic administration of bezafibrate. (6) These results suggest that downregulations of PPARalpha and PPARgamma may lead to an increased expression of ppET-1 mRNA in diabetic states and this increment may trigger endothelial dysfunction.

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