Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2003 Sep;67(3):429-53, table of contents.

Surviving the acid test: responses of gram-positive bacteria to low pH.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and National Food Biotechnology Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Abstract

Gram-positive bacteria possess a myriad of acid resistance systems that can help them to overcome the challenge posed by different acidic environments. In this review the most common mechanisms are described: i.e., the use of proton pumps, the protection or repair of macromolecules, cell membrane changes, production of alkali, induction of pathways by transcriptional regulators, alteration of metabolism, and the role of cell density and cell signaling. We also discuss the responses of Listeria monocytogenes, Rhodococcus, Mycobacterium, Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, oral streptococci, and lactic acid bacteria to acidic environments and outline ways in which this knowledge has been or may be used to either aid or prevent bacterial survival in low-pH environments.

PMID:
12966143
PMCID:
PMC193868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center