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Anal Chem. 2003 Jul 1;75(13):3263-6.

Electron capture dissociation and 13C,15N depletion for deuterium localization in intact proteins after solution-phase exchange.

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Department of Chemistry, 600 South Mathews Avenue, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.


For localization of deuterium atoms after solution-phase exchange with D2O, intact proteins are often digested prior to analysis by mass spectrometry (MS) and tandem MS (MS/MS). Amelioration of limitations associated with this approach (e.g., <70% sequence coverage and some D atom scrambling during MS/MS) were sought using intact proteins and two newer methods applied to tracking H/D exchange dynamics for the first time. Using 2-4-fold signal enhancements through depletion of 13C and 15N isotopes and implementing the new MS/MS technique of electron capture dissociation (ECD) yielded an increased number of c and z* ions observed (43 vs 25) for recombinant yeast ubiquitin (9.3 kDa). Initial determination of D atom content in consecutive c ion series (c4-c7, c28, c31, c32, and c33) was demonstrated. The improved ion signal and experiment speed combined with narrower isotopic distributions markedly increases the degree of localization and feasibility of ECD-based MS/MS after solution-phase H/D exchange.

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