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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Sep;157(9):926-32.

Maternal-child feeding patterns and child body weight: findings from a population-based sample.

Author information

1
Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA. mfaith@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Certain mother-child feeding patterns (MCFPs) may promote childhood obesity and/or disordered eating.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the demographic correlates of MCFPs and to test whether differences in MCFPs are associated with child body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) z scores in a population-based study.

DESIGN:

A secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth main and child cohorts was conducted on more than 1000 Hispanic, African American, and non-Hispanic/non-African American children, aged 3 to 6 years. The MCFPs were measured by means of 3 interview questions probing mother-allotted child food choice, child compliance during meals, and child obedience during meals.

RESULTS:

Mothers of non-Hispanic/non-African American children allotted greater food choice than mothers of African American or Hispanic children. Maternal BMI and other demographic measures were unrelated to MCFPs. The lowest levels of mother-allotted child food choice and child eating compliance were associated with reduced child BMI, with mean BMI z scores of -0.36 and -0.41, respectively. Effect sizes were small, however, and MCFPs did not discriminate children who were overweight or at risk for being overweight from children who were not (P>.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Feeding strategies providing the least child food choice were associated with reduced child BMI. However, MCFPs did not relate to child overweight status.

PMID:
12963600
DOI:
10.1001/archpedi.157.9.926
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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