Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2003 Sep 15;171(6):3163-9.

HLA class II-restricted CD4+ T cell responses directed against influenza viral antigens postinfluenza vaccination.

Author information

  • 1Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, Seattle, WA 98101, USA.


The memory T cell response is polyclonal, with the magnitude and specificity of the response controlled in part by the burst size of T cells expanded from effector/memory precursors. Sensitive assays using HLA class II multimers were used to detect low-frequency Ag-specific T cells directed against influenza viral Ags in subjects immunized with the influenza vaccine. Direct ex vivo tetramer staining of PBMC from five individuals identified frequencies of hemagglutinin (HA) 306-318 tetramer binding CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood ranging from 1 in 600 to 1 in 30,000 CD4(+) T cells. These frequencies were validated by counting CFSE(low), tetramer-positive T cells after in vitro expansion. Low frequency of T cells directed to other influenza epitopes, including DRA1*0101/DRB1*0401-restricted matrix protein 60-73, DRA1*0101/DRB1*0101-restricted matrix protein 18-29, DRA1*0101/DRB1*0701-restricted HA 232-244 and DRA1*0101/DRB1*0101-restricted nucleoprotein 206-217 were also determined. T cells which occurred at a frequency as low as 1 in 350,000 could be ascertained by in vitro expansion of precursors. Peripheral HA(306-318)-responsive T cells expanded 2- to 5-fold following influenza vaccination. Examination of phenotypic markers of the HA(306-318)-responsive T cells in the peripheral blood indicated that the majority were CD45RA(-), CD27(+), CD25(-), CD28(+), and CD62L(-), while T cell clones derived from this population were CD45RA(-), CD27(-), CD25(+), CD28(+), and CD62L(-).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center