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Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Jul;249(1-2):157-65.

Impairment of glucose metabolism and energy transfer in the rat heart.

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Department of Biochemistry, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología, Juan Badiano 1, Col. sección XVI, Tlalpan, México DF 14080, Mexico.


The metabolic pathways involved in ATP production in hypertriglyceridemic rat hearts were evaluated. Hearts from male Wistar rats with sugar-induced hypertriglyceridemia were perfused in an isolated organ system. Mechanical performance, oxygen uptake and beat rate were evaluated under perfusion with different oxidizable substrates. Age- and weight-matched animals were used as control. The hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) hearts showed a decrease in the mechanical work and slight diminution in the oxygen uptake when perfused with glucose, pyruvate or lactate. No differences were found when perfused with palmitate, octanoate or beta-hydroxybutyrate. The glycolytic flux in HTG hearts was 2.4 times lower than in control hearts. Phosphofructokinase-I (PFK-I) was 16% decreased in HTG hearts, whereas pyruvate kinase activity did not change. The increased levels of glucose-6-phosphate in HTG heart, suggested a flux limitation by the PFK-I. Pyruvate dehydrogenase in its active form (PDHa) diminished as well. The PDHa level in the HTG hearts was restored to control values by dichloroacetate; however, this addition did not significantly improve the mechanical performance. Levels of ATP and phosphocreatine as well as total creatine kinase activity and the MB fraction were significant lower in the HTG hearts perfused with glucose. The data suggested that supply of ATP by glucose oxidation did not suffice to support cardiac work in the HTG hearts; this impairment was exacerbated by the diminution of the creatine kinase system output.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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