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Hum Mutat. 2003 Oct;22(4):340-1.

Structural organization of the human carbamyl phosphate synthetase I gene (CPS1) and identification of two novel genetic lesions.

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Metabolic and Neuromuscular Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.


Carbamyl Phosphate Synthetase I deficiency (CPSID) is a rare autosomal recessive urea cycle disorder usually characterized by potentially lethal neonatal hyperammonemia. The large (5215 bp) CPS1-cDNA, expressed only in liver and epithelial cells of intestinal mucosa, has been cloned. Until now the CPS1 genomic organization was unknown. Taking advantage of the phylogenetic lineage between the CPS1 gene of Homo sapiens and Rattus norvegicus, we determined the intron-exon organization of the human CPS1 gene. Starting from the ATG codon, the CPS I gene is organized in 38 exons spanning from 50bp to 200 bp. We also report the molecular studies on an Italian patient affected by neonatal CPSD. Two novel genetic lesions (c.1370T>G and c.2429A>G) that lead to the novel amino acid substitutions V457G and Q810R, and the known N1406T polymorphism, were detected in the patient's CPS1 RNA and in genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes. The characterization of the CPS1 genomic organization will allow the identification of the genetic lesions of CPSD patients, the detection of carriers, better genetic counseling and a more certain, less invasive method of prenatal diagnosis.

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