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Ann Parasitol Hum Comp. 1992;67(5):144-50.

Maturation of the filaria Litomosoides sigmodontis in BALB/c mice; comparative susceptibility of nine other inbred strains.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Parasitaire, Protistologie, Helminthologie, Unité associée au CNRS, URA 114, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.


When inoculated subcutaneously, the infective larvae of L. sigmodontis undergo complete development and produce a patent microfilaraemia in mice of the BALB background (BALB/c, BALB/K and BALB/B, with respectively the H-2d, H-2k et H-2b haplotypes). The most susceptible strain is BALB/c with all mice harbouring adult filariae and 47% of mice presenting with a patent microfilaraemia. Mice with the B10 background (B10, B10Br and B10D2, with respectively the H-2b, H-2k et H-2d haplotypes) are almost completely resistant to infection. Adult filariae were recovered from all mice of the CBA/Ca, CBA/HN, C3H/HeN, DBA/2N strains. However, the site and structural development of the parasite varied in each strain. Absence of microfilaraemia is associated with absent or abnormal spicules, reduced number of female filariae and small size of female filariae. These results show that the Major Histocompatibility Complex only modulates the developmental pattern of filariae within the limits imposed by background genes. Male CBA/HN and C3H/HeN were more susceptible to infection than female mice. Inverse phenomenon was observed with strains BALB/c; and, no host sex effect was seen in DBA/D2N.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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