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Genes Dev. 2003 Sep 1;17(17):2138-50.

A novel and essential mechanism determining specificity and activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in vivo.

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1
Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Division of Molecular Biology, Vienna Biocenter, University of Vienna, A-1030 Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is an essential intracellular serine/threonine phosphatase containing a catalytic subunit that possesses the potential to dephosphorylate promiscuously tyrosine-phosphorylated substrates in vitro. How PP2A acquires its intracellular specificity and activity for serine/threonine-phosphorylated substrates is unknown. Here we report a novel and phylogenetically conserved mechanism to generate active phospho-serine/threonine-specific PP2A in vivo. Phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activator (PTPA), a protein of so far unknown intracellular function, is required for the biogenesis of active and specific PP2A. Deletion of the yeast PTPA homologs generated a PP2A catalytic subunit with a conformation different from the wild-type enzyme, as indicated by its altered substrate specificity, reduced protein stability, and metal dependence. Complementation and RNA-interference experiments showed that PTPA fulfills an essential function conserved from yeast to man.

PMID:
12952889
PMCID:
PMC196455
DOI:
10.1101/gad.259903
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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