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Ann Med. 2003;35(5):290-9.

From holoprosencephaly to osteopathology: role of multifunctional endocytic receptors in absorptive epithelia.

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Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Charité Children's Hospital, Humbolt University, Berlin, Germany.


Megalin and cubilin are two multifunctional endocytic receptors expressed in many absorptive epithelia including the yolk sac, the renal proximal tubules, and the intestine. In these tissues, the receptors act in concert to mediate the cellular uptake of a variety of lipoproteins and vitamin/ carrier complexes. Recent studies in animal models and in patients suffering from receptor gene defects have highlighted the crucial role played by the receptors in systemic lipid and vitamin homeostasis, and the severe defects that result from receptor dysfunction. Here, we will review the molecular mechanisms that underlie normal receptor activity and that cause disease in the receptor-deficient organism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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