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Surgery. 2003 Aug;134(2):126-33.

Genetic deletion of chemokine receptor CXCR3 or antibody blockade of its ligand IP-10 modulates posttransplantation graft-site lymphocytic infiltrates and prolongs functional graft survival in pancreatic islet allograft recipients.

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  • 1Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.



Interaction of chemokine receptor CXCR3 with its ligand IP-10 mediates effector cell trafficking to sites of allograft rejection in murine models of whole organ allotransplantation. We hypothesized that blocking the CXCR3/IP-10 interaction would impair posttransplantation leukocyte trafficking to and delay rejection of pancreatic islet allografts.


A/J strain murine islets were implanted to the kidney capsule of H-2 disparate, streptozotocin-induced diabetic wild type (WT), CXCR3 deficient (CXCR3(-/-)) or IP-10 antibody-treated WT (alphaIP-10) C57BL/6 recipients. Representative grafts from each group were harvested at day 7. Ribonuclease protection assay was used to determine gene expression for cell markers F4/80 (macrophages), CD8 (type I T cells), CD4 (type II T cells), and CD 19 (natural killer cells), and for chemokines IP-10, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, MCP-1, and RANTES. Immunohistochemistry was used to confirm ribonuclease protection assay infiltrate data. Graft-site chemokine gene expression and cellular infiltrate were correlated with time to functional graft rejection.


Untreated WT recipients demonstrated heavy graft-site cell infiltrates and increased graft-site gene expression for cell markers F4/80, CD8, CD4, and CD19, and for chemokines RANTES, IP-10, and MIP-1beta at day 7. In comparison with untreated WT, alphaIP-10-treated WT and CXCR3(-/-) recipients demonstrated the same degree of chemokine gene expression but less lymphocytic infiltrate. The mean length of allograft survival was 12.7 +/- 3.1 days in untreated WT versus 20.2 +/- 2.7 days (P <.05) for CXCR3(-/-)- and 19.7 +/- 2.3 days (P <.05) for alphaIP-10-treated WT recipients.


CXCR3 gene deletion or alphaIP-10 antibody therapy modulates posttransplantation lymphocytic graft infiltration and statistically prolongs graft survival in murine islet allograft recipients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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