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J Am Coll Surg. 2003 Sep;197(3):386-91.

Longterm results after resection of simultaneous and sequential lung and liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although simple lung or liver metastasectomy from colorectal cancer have proved effective in selected patients, the value of simultaneous biorgan metastasectomies is still debated.

STUDY DESIGN:

Of 155 patients who underwent operation for lung or liver colorectal metastases between March 1987 and December 1998, we retrospectively reviewed 29 patients who presented simultaneous (n = 12) or sequential liver-->lung (n = 10) and lung-->liver (n = 7) metastases. All metastases were successfully resected in a total of 56 separate procedures. In 35 thoracic procedures, 45 metastases were removed by wedge resection (n = 36) or lobectomy (n = 9). In addition, 47 liver metastases were resected with wedge (n = 24), segmentectomy (n = 13), or lobectomy (n = 10). There were no perioperative deaths and the morbidity rate was low (10.7%). All patients were followed for a minimum of 3 years. Factors possibly influencing survival were evaluated by univariate and subsequently by multivariate analyses.

RESULTS:

Median survival from the second metastasectomy was 41 months, with a 5-year survival rate of 51.3%. Risk factor distribution among the three metastastic pattern groups was insignificant. Premetastasectomy elevated levels of both CEA and CA19-9 (p = 0.0001), and mediastinal or celiac lymph node status (p = 0.03) were significantly associated with survival in the univariate analysis, although number of metastasectomies, disease-free interval, and simultaneous versus sequential diagnosis were not. In the multivariate analysis, only elevated CEA plus CA19-9 (p = 0.01) was significantly associated with survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that either simultaneous or sequential lung and liver metastasectomy can be successfully treated by surgery. Poor results were obtained in the presence of high levels of CEA plus CA19-9.

PMID:
12946793
DOI:
10.1016/S1072-7515(03)00387-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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