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J Affect Disord. 2003 Sep;76(1-3):229-35.

Criterion validity of the self-rating inventory for posttraumatic stress disorder (SRIP) in the community of older adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Valerius Clinic, Valeriusplein 9, 1075 BG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. wh.van-zelst.emgo@med.vu.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A validated screening instrument for PTSD in community dwelling older people is lacking. This study evaluates a newly developed measure, the self-rating inventory for posttraumatic stress disorder (SRIP) on its usefulness in survey research. The predictive value of the SRIP in a community setting is investigated.

METHODS:

In a two-phase epidemiologic design the criterion validity of the SRIP was tested against diagnosis made with the comprehensive international diagnostic interview (CIDI) in 1721 older (55-90 years) inhabitants of the Netherlands. Optimal sensitivity and specificity was determined using a weighted receiver operator characteristic (ROC)-curve.

RESULTS:

Optimal sensitivity (74.2%) and specificity (81.4%) was reached with a cut-off of 39 points.

LIMITATIONS:

According to a strictly applied CIDI algorithm the number of 'true' cases was limited.

CONCLUSION:

Overall findings indicate that posttraumatic stress disorder can be identified adequately in a community-based population of older adults using the SRIP. Use of the SRIP may improve recognition and diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder in the community.

PMID:
12943953
DOI:
10.1016/s0165-0327(02)00095-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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