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J Affect Disord. 2003 Sep;76(1-3):151-6.

Screening for postnatal depression. Validation of the Norwegian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and assessment of risk factors for postnatal depression.

Author information

1
Regional Competence Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway. jan.berle@psyk.uib.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a self-rating scale developed to screen for postnatal depression. The aim of this study was to validate a Norwegian translation of the EPDS, study its psychometric properties, and identify risk factors for postnatal depression.

METHOD:

EPDS was filled in by 411 women at 6-12 weeks postpartum. Of these, 100 were interviewed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for DSM-IV major and minor depressive disorders.

RESULTS:

When using a cut-off of 11 on the EPDS, 26 of 27 women with major depression were identified (sensitivity 96%, specificity 78%). An aggregate point prevalence of 10.0% of major and minor depression was found. A one-factor model accounted for 46.6% of the variance. Strongest risk factors for postpartum depression were previous depression, depression in current pregnancy, and current somatic illness.

LIMITATIONS:

Women screened using the EPDS who had a score above threshold, yet did not attend the diagnostic interview could cause the point prevalence of depression to be higher than indicated here.

CONCLUSION:

The Norwegian translation of EPDS functions equally well as other translations as a screening tool for postnatal depression. The risk factors that were found are compatible with other studies.

PMID:
12943945
DOI:
10.1016/s0165-0327(02)00082-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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