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Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Sep 1;37(5):644-9. Epub 2003 Aug 15.

Epidemiological comparison of true methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia at hospital admission.

Author information

1
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Division of Infectious Diseases, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. etaccone@bidmc.harvard.edu

Abstract

We performed 2 case-control studies among 108 patients with true coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS) bacteremia diagnosed within 48 h of hospital admission. Seventy-nine patients (73%) with methicillin-resistant (MR) CoNS bacteremia and 29 patients (27%) with methicillin-susceptible (MS) CoNS bacteremia were compared with 79 randomly selected control patients without CoNS bacteremia. The presence of a central venous catheter was an independent risk factor for both MR- and MS-CoNS bacteremia (P<.001). Patients with MR-CoNS bacteremia were more frequently admitted from health care facilities (P=.02), more likely to have had previous MR Staphylococcus aureus infection or colonization (P=.02), and more likely to have received antibiotics in the previous 30 days (P=.02). The probability that bacteremia was caused by an MR strain, rather than an MS strain, was 62% among patients admitted from the community and 84% among patients admitted from health care facilities. This study identified epidemiological characteristics that can be used to distinguish between MR- and MS-CoNS bacteremia and found high rates of methicillin resistance among CoNS isolates recovered from patients admitted from the community, as well as from health care facilities.

PMID:
12942394
DOI:
10.1086/377207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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