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J Biol Chem. 2003 Nov 21;278(47):47253-60. Epub 2003 Aug 26.

Crystal structure of an archaeal class I aldolase and the evolution of (betaalpha)8 barrel proteins.

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1
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hamburg Outstation, Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBPA) catalyzes the reversible cleavage of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate in the glycolytic pathway. FBPAs from archaeal organisms have recently been identified and characterized as a divergent family of proteins. Here, we report the first crystal structure of an archaeal FBPA at 1.9-A resolution. The structure of this 280-kDa protein complex was determined using single wavelength anomalous dispersion followed by 10-fold non-crystallographic symmetry averaging and refined to an R-factor of 14.9% (Rfree 17.9%). The protein forms a dimer of pentamers, consisting of subunits adopting the ubiquitous (betaalpha)8 barrel fold. Additionally, a crystal structure of the archaeal FBPA covalently bound to dihydroxyacetone phosphate was solved at 2.1-A resolution. Comparison of the active site residues with those of classical FBPAs, which share no significant sequence identity but display the same overall fold, reveals a common ancestry between these two families of FBPAs. Structural comparisons, furthermore, establish an evolutionary link to the triosephosphate isomerases, a superfamily hitherto considered independent from the superfamily of aldolases.

PMID:
12941964
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M305922200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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