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Life Sci. 2003 Sep 19;73(18):2307-19.

In vitro and in vivo protective effect of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides on alloxan-induced pancreatic islets damage.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100083, PR China.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect against alloxan-induced pancreatic islets damage by Ganoderma lucidum Polysaccharides (Gl-PS) isolated from the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. ex Fr.) Karst. In vitro, alloxan caused dose-dependent toxicity on the isolated pancreatic islets. Pre-treatment of islets with Gl-PS for 12 h and 24 h significantly reversed alloxan-induced islets viability loss. Gl-PS was also found to inhibit the free radicals production induced by alloxan in the isolated pancreatic islets using confocal microscopy. Gl-PS dose-dependently increased serum insulin and reduced serum glucose levels when pretreated intragastrically for 10 days in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. It was found that the pancreas homogenates had higher lipid peroxidation products in alloxan-treated mice than in the Gl-PS-treated animals. Aldehyde fuchsin staining revealed that alloxan caused nearly all the beta cells disappearing from the pancreatic islets, while Gl-PS partly protected the beta cells from necrosis. Alloxan (60 mg/kg) induced NF-kappa B activation in the pancreas at 30 min after injection, pretreatment with Gl-PS inhibited alloxan-induced activation of NF-kappa B. These results suggest that Gl-PS was useful in protecting against alloxan-induced pancreatic islets damage in vitro and in vivo; one of the mechanisms is through its scavenging ability to protect the pancreatic islets from free radicals-damage induced by alloxan.

PMID:
12941433
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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