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Health Psychol. 2003 Jul;22(4):424-8.

Some problems with social cognition models: a pragmatic and conceptual analysis.

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1
Department of General Practice, Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine, King's College London, University of London, United Kingdom. Jane.Ogden@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

Empirical articles published between 1997 and 2001 from 4 health psychology journals that tested or applied 1 or more social cognition models (theory of reasoned action, theory of planned behavior, health belief model, and protection motivation theory; N = 47) were scrutinized for their pragmatic and conceptual basis. In terms of their pragmatic basis, these 4 models were useful for guiding research. The analysis of their conceptual basis was less positive. First, these models do not enable the generation of hypotheses because their constructs are unspecific; they therefore cannot be tested. Second, they focus on analytic truths rather than synthetic ones, and the conclusions resulting from their application are often true by definition rather than by observation. Finally, they may create and change both cognitions and behavior rather than describe them.

PMID:
12940399
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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