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Vet Microbiol. 2003 Sep 1;95(3):187-97.

Respiratory tract protection upon challenge of pigs vaccinated with attenuated porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus vaccines.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.

Abstract

In this study, the efficacy of two attenuated porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccines was assessed. The virological protection in the lungs of vaccinated pigs upon challenge was studied. Also, challenged pigs were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to evaluate clinical protection. Six-week-old pigs were immunized intramuscularly with commercial vaccines based on either an attenuated American or an attenuated European virus strain. Non-immunized pigs and pigs intramuscularly inoculated with the virulent Lelystad strain were included as controls. Six weeks after immunization, pigs were challenged either intratracheally or intranasally with the Lelystad strain, and 3 and 6 days later intratracheally exposed to Escherichia coli LPS. After LPS administration, pigs were monitored for clinical signs. At 4 and 7 days after challenge, pigs were euthanized to determine virus quantities in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluids and in lungs. Challenge virus was recovered from three out of eight pigs that had been primo-inoculated with the Lelystad strain with titers ranging between 0.3 and 3.1 log(10). Fifteen out of sixteen pigs vaccinated with the attenuated American strain were positive for challenge virus and their mean virus titers were similar to those of non-immunized challenge controls. Eleven out of 16 pigs vaccinated with the attenuated European strain were positive for challenge virus and their mean virus titers were 2.0-2.5 log(10) lower than those of non-immunized challenge controls. Thus, the virological protection in the lungs of vaccinated pigs upon challenge was incomplete, but was more pronounced in the homologous situation. Clinical signs upon LPS exposure in both vaccinated groups were not reproducible in two experiments.

PMID:
12935746
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1135(03)00157-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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