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J Infect Dis. 2003 Sep 1;188(5):643-52. Epub 2003 Aug 18.

Multistate evaluation of invasive pneumococcal diseases in adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: serotype and antimicrobial resistance patterns in the United States.

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Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.


Persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have a higher incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) than other adults, and many receive long-term trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) prophylactic therapy. We used 1998-1999 data from the Active Bacterial Core surveillance of the Emerging Infections Program Network to compare IPD infections between adults aged 18-64 years with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and other adults. Of 2346 patients with IPD, 416 (18%) had HIV or AIDS (HIV/AIDS). Certain serotypes (serotypes 6A, 6B, 9N, 9V, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) were more common among patients with HIV/AIDS than in adults with no underlying disease (P<.05, vs. serotype 4), even when TMP-SMZ-nonsusceptible isolates were excluded. HIV/AIDS (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.44-2.59), immunocompromising conditions other than HIV/AIDS (aOR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.12-2.18), and black race (aOR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.20-1.88) were independent risk factors for infection with these serotypes. HIV/AIDS was not an independent risk factor for TMP-SMZ nonsusceptibility. Vulnerability to certain serotypes among adults with HIV/AIDS may have implications in prevention strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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