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Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2003;281:179-208.

Intracellular trafficking of HIV-1 cores: journey to the center of the cell.

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Department of Microbiology and Cell and Molecular Biology Graduate Group, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6148, USA.


After entry into the cytoplasm, many diverse viruses, including both RNA and DNA viruses, require import into the nucleus and access to the cellular nuclear machinery for productive replication to proceed. Because diffusion through the crowded cytoplasmic environment is greatly restricted, most (if not all) of these viruses must first be actively transported from the site of cytoplasmic entry to the nuclear periphery (Luby-Phelps 2000; Lukacs et al. 2000; Sodeik 2000). Having reached the nucleus, viruses have evolved assorted methods to overcome the formidable physical barrier that is presented by the nuclear envelope. This review examines how these issues relate to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection. Specifically, HIV-1 uncoating, cytoplasmic transport, and nuclear entry are addressed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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