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Br J Haematol. 2003 Sep;122(5):806-9.

Effective graft-versus-leukaemia effect after allogeneic stem cell transplantation using reduced-intensity preparative regimens in Fanconi anaemia patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukaemia.

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Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Hôpital Saint Louis, Paris, France.


Allogeneic transplantation is the only curative treatment for Fanconi anaemia (FA) patients who develop myeloid malignancies. Dose-intensive preparative regimens, to decrease disease recurrence, lead to unacceptable transplant-related toxicity in FA. We report the outcome of three FA patients with such malignancies who underwent transplantation with reduced-intensity preparative regimens. This approach was well tolerated, even as second transplantations, and resulted in complete leukaemic remissions. However, the graft-versus-leukaemia effect was associated with fatal graft-versus-host disease. Even after transplantation, myeloid malignancies remain associated with a poor outcome in FA, and this argues in favour of early intervention when suitable donors are available.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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