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Indian J Exp Biol. 1992 Nov;30(11):1037-44.

Kinetics of spermatogenesis in megachiropteran bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarset): seminiferous epithelial cycle, frequency of stages, spermatogonial renewal and germ cell degeneration.

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  • 1Department of Zoology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India.


The paper describes in detail the cytomorphology of different types of germ cells, the 10 typical cellular associations or stages of the cycle of seminiferous epithelium (CSE), frequency of appearance of these stages, pattern of spermatogonial stem cell renewal and per cent degeneration of various germ cells in R. leschenaulti. Of the 14 steps of spermiogenesis (stained with PAS-haematoxylin) the first 10 were associated with the stages I-X, whereas, the remaining were found in association with one of the first six stages. The frequency of appearance of the various stages ranged from 3.84% (stage V) to 19.84% (stage I). These observations indicate that stage V is of shortest duration and stage I is of the longest duration in the bat. Five types of spermatogonia (A1, A2, A3, In and B) were identified based on their shape, size and nuclear morphology. Type A spermatogonia are oval with a large nucleus containing 1 or 2 nucleoli. The chromatin showed progressive condensation from A1 to A3 so that the latter appeared darkest among all the A type spermatogonia. The In type derived from A3 are smaller but appear darker than A3 due to heterochromatin crusts along the inner border of the nucleus. The B type spermatogonia derived from In are round and possess single nucleolus. The B type spermatogonia divided mitotically before entering meiosis or the actual production of the primary spermatocytes. The various spermatogonia divided mitotically at fixed stages of the cycle giving rise to their next generations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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