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J Med Chem. 2003 Aug 28;46(18):3930-7.

Binding of tetrahydrocarboline derivatives at human 5-HT5A receptors.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0540, USA.


On the basis of an earlier finding that 5-methyl-5H-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-b]indole (5-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-gamma-carboline; 1) binds at murine 5-HT(5A) receptors, preliminary structure-affinity studies were conducted. The present investigation extends these structure-affinity studies using human 5-HT(5A) receptors and examined additional analogues of 1. It was found (a) that there is little interspecies difference for the affinities of these compounds, (b) that an intact 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-gamma-carboline ring system seems optimal and an N(2)-(3-(substituted-phenoxy)propyl) moiety results in high affinity, (c) that structurally related 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carbolines also bind at 5-HT(5A) receptors, and (d) that all examined derivatives also possess affinity for 5-HT(2A) receptors. Evidence is provided that 5-HT(5A) and 5-HT(2A) receptor affinities probably do not covary and that it might be possible, with continued investigation, to develop analogues with enhanced 5-HT(5A) selectivity.

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