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J Food Prot. 2003 Aug;66(8):1368-73.

Effect of temperature on the growth response of Salmonella enteritidis inoculated onto the vitelline membranes of fresh eggs.

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  • 1U.S. Food and Drug Administration, National Center for Food Safety and Technology, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501, USA.


The growth response of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) on the vitelline membrane in vitro was studied with the use of a special tube devised specifically for the inoculation of SE onto the vitelline membrane and for the sampling of the yolk near the inoculation site. This latter ability allowed the detection of the movement of SE into the yolk. The growth of SE on the membrane was compared with that of SE inoculated into yolk and albumen in vitro and in ovo in fresh in-shell eggs. The incubation time was 2 days, and the incubation temperatures were 4, 8, 15, 27, and 37 degrees C. Comparison of the results obtained for in vitro growth showed that at 4, 8, and 15 degrees C, SE behaved as if it were in the albumen, with its numbers decreasing over time. At 27 and 37 degrees C, SE grew as if it were in yolk, with a maximum increase of 4.5 log CFU after 2 days at 37 degrees C. In no experiments involving growth on the vitelline membrane did SE appear in the yolk. Comparisons between in vitro and in ovo growth responses of SE in yolk and albumen indicate that SE growth on the membrane parallels that in the in-shell egg.

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