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Int J Food Microbiol. 2003 Oct 15;87(1-2):87-95.

The influence of process parameters for the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes by pulsed electric fields.

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Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50.013 Saragossa, Spain.


The influence of the electric field strength, the treatment time, the total specific energy and the conductivity of the treatment medium on the Listeria monocytogenes inactivation by pulsed electric fields (PEF) has been investigated. L. monocytogenes inactivation increased with the field strength, treatment time and specific energy. A maximum inactivation of 4.77 log(10) cycles was observed after a treatment of 28 kV/cm, 2000 micros and 3490 kJ/kg. The lethal effect of PEF treatments on L. monocytogenes was not influenced by the conductivity of the treatment medium in a range of 2, 3 and 4 mS/cm when the total specific energy was used as a PEF control parameter. A mathematical model based on the Weibull distribution was fitted to the experimental data when the field strength (15-28 kV/cm), treatment time (0-2000 micros) and specific energy (0-3490 kJ/kg) were used as PEF control parameters. A linear relationship was obtained between the log(10) of the scale factor (b) and the electric field strength when the treatment time and the total specific energy were used to control the process. The total specific energy, in addition to the electric field strength and the treatment time, should be reported in order to evaluate the microbial inactivation by PEF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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