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Anticancer Res. 2003 May-Jun;23(3C):2829-36.

Prognostic significance of mutant p53 protein, P-glycoprotein and glutathione S-transferase-pi in patients with unresectable non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine II, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prognostic significance of mutant p53 protein, p-glycoprotein (P-gp) and glutathione S-transferase-pi (GST-pi) in patients with unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been established.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We performed immunohistochemical staining of p53, P-gp and GST-pi using transbronchial biopsy specimens obtained from previously untreated NSCLC patients.

RESULTS:

Of 45 patients examined, p53 immunostaining was positive in 18 (40%) patients. The objective response rate by cisplatin (CDDP)-based chemotherapy was significantly lower in patients with p53-positive tumors compared to those with p53-negative tumors (22% versus 59%, p = 0.0143). Survival of the patients with p53-positive tumors was significantly shorter than those with p53-negative tumors (median survival time: 4.6 months versus 12.2 months, p = 0.011), which was confirmed by the multivariate analysis (p = 0.0243). However, P-gp and GST-pi showed no significant relationship with either response rate or survival in patients with unresectable NSCLC receiving CDDP-based chemotherapy.

CONCLUSION:

p53 alteration is an independent and significant indicator to predict unfavorable prognosis in patients with unresectable NSCLC.

PMID:
12926120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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