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J Clin Invest. 2003 Aug;112(4):598-607.

Interplay between IFN-gamma and IL-6 signaling governs neutrophil trafficking and apoptosis during acute inflammation.

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  • 1Institute of Nephrology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Regulated recruitment and clearance of neutrophils (PMN) is the hallmark of competent host defense and resolution of inflammation. We now report that IFN-gamma controls PMN infiltration and modulates IL-6 signaling through its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) to promote their apoptosis and clearance. Induction of peritoneal inflammation in IFN-gamma-deficient (IFN-gamma-/-) mice emphasized that the initial rate of PMN recruitment was impaired. This defect in PMN recruitment was also associated with the suppressed intraperitoneal expression of IL-1beta and IL-6. Reconstitution of IFN-gamma signaling restored the rate of PMN infiltration and IL-6 levels and was accompanied by normalization of PMN-activating CXC chemokine expression. To test whether local IL-6 signaling modulated PMN recruitment, inflammation was induced in IFN-gamma-/- and IL-6-/- mice and cytokine signaling adapted by intraperitoneal sIL-6R-IL-6 fusion protein (HYPER-IL-6) or IFN-gamma. Although HYPER-IL-6 attenuated PMN influx in IFN-gamma-/- mice, IFN-gamma had no effect on PMN infiltration in IL-6-/- mice. Examination of the leukocyte infiltrate from IFN-gamma-/-, IL-6-/-, and wild-type mice showed that apoptosis was aberrant in the absence of IFN-gamma and IL-6 as a result of impaired sIL-6R signaling. These data emphasize a pivotal role for IFN-gamma in regulating innate immunity through control of both the recruitment and clearance phases of PMN trafficking.

PMID:
12925700
PMCID:
PMC171385
DOI:
10.1172/JCI17129
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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