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Chem Res Toxicol. 2003 Aug;16(8):1019-28.

Comparative evaluation of the bioreactivity and mutagenic spectra of acrolein-derived alpha-HOPdG and gamma-HOPdG regioisomeric deoxyguanosine adducts.

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Sealy Center For Molecular Science and the Department of Human Biological Chemistry and Genetics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1071, USA.


Acrolein is a bifunctional electrophile, present as an ubiquitous environmental pollutant and an endogenous cellular product of lipid peroxidation. Reaction of acrolein with deoxyguanosine produces two regioisomeric DNA adducts, specifically gamma-hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine (gamma-HOPdG) and alpha-hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine (alpha-HOPdG). While previous investigations have focused on the major gamma-HOPdG adduct, little is known about the properties of the minor alpha-HOPdG adduct. Therefore, this comparative investigation has assessed the following: the ability of each adduct to undergo secondary chemical reactions with biomolecules to form various cross-linked species, in vitro translesion DNA synthesis, and mutagenic properties, following replication in mammalian cells. In contrast to gamma-HOPdG, which is capable of forming DNA-DNA, DNA-peptide, and DNA-protein cross-links, alpha-HOPdG did not form any of these cross-linked species. These results can be attributed to the inability of the alpha-HOPdG adduct to undergo ring opening, whereas the gamma-HOPdG adduct forms the ring open, acyclic N(2) oxopropyl in duplex DNA, which readily reacts with nucleophilic functions. Consistent with this interpretation, when polymerase eta replication bypass of DNA containing alpha-HOPdG was assayed, this lesion posed a stronger block to replication than the gamma-HOPdG adduct, closely resembling the results for polymerase eta bypass of propanodeoxyguanosine in which the exocyclic adduct remains permanently ring-closed. Cellular replication and mutagenesis assays in COS-7 cells using single-stranded DNA containing a site specific alpha-HOPdG revealed that this adduct was significantly mutagenic, yielding a nearly identical frequency and spectrum of mutations as compared with the gamma-HOPdG adduct.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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