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J Med Assoc Thai. 2003 Jun;86(6):509-15.

Integrated health research program for the Thai elderly: prevalence of genital prolapse and effectiveness of pelvic floor exercise to prevent worsening of genital prolapse in elderly women.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Genital prolapse is a common health problem in elderly women. It is prevalent among elderly females and affects their quality of life. Those with a severe degree of genital prolapse may need operative treatment which may be risky due to co-morbid conditions such as hypertension, respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of genital prolapse and the effectiveness of pelvic floor exercise to prevent worsening of genital prolapse in elderly females.

METHOD:

The authors conducted a cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of genital prolapse in 682 elderly women (aged > or = 60 years) who lived within a 10-kilometer radius of Siriraj Hospital. 654 subjects were eligible for the controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of pelvic floor exercise to prevent worsening of genital prolapse. There were 324 subjects in the control group and 330 subjects in the experimental group. The experimental group received training in pelvic floor exercise and were asked to perform the exercise 30 times after one meal, every day for 24 months. The subjects were followed-up every 6 months for 24 months to assess worsening of genital prolapse.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of genital prolapse was 70 per cent. There were 324 subjects in the control group and 330 subjects in the experimental group. After 24 months of pelvic floor exercise, the rate of worsening of genital prolapse was 72.2 per cent in the control group and 27.3 per cent in the experimental group (p = 0.005). The rate of worsening of genital prolapse was not significantly different between the control group and the study group in those who had a mild degree of genital prolapse.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of genital prolapse in elderly Thai women was 70 per cent. A 24 months pelvic floor exercise program was effective to prevent worsening of genital prolapse in the women who had severe genital prolapse.

PMID:
12924798
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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