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Semin Surg Oncol. 2003;21(1):19-22.

TNM, sixth edition: new developments in general concepts and rules.

Author information

1
Department of Hepatic and Gastrointestinal Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306, USA. sobin@afip.osd.mil

Abstract

This article describes changes and clarifications in the 6th edition of TNM that concern site-independent rules, regarding such aspects as sentinel lymph node biopsy, methods to distinguish between micrometastasis and isolated tumor cells, classification of tumors undergoing treatment, tumor deposits in lymph drainage beds, the number of lymph nodes needed for pathologic classification, and classification of residual tumor. These changes mainly reflect advances in diagnosis and treatment, and modulate rather than change the basic rules of classification.

PMID:
12923912
DOI:
10.1002/ssu.10017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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