Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Transplantation. 2003 Aug 15;76(3):609-14.

Evidence for recipient derived fibroblast recruitment and activation during the development of chronic cardiac allograft rejection.

Author information

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.



Allograft fibrosis is a prominent feature of chronic rejection. Although intragraft fibroblasts contribute to this process, their origin and exact role remain poorly understood.


Using a rat model of chronic rejection, LEW to F344, cardiac fibroblasts were isolated at the point of rejection and examined in a collagen gel contraction assay to measure fibroblast activation. The allograft microenvironment was examined using immunohistochemistry for fibrogenic markers (transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta, platelet-derived growth factor [PDGF], tissue plasminogen activator [TPA], plasminogen activator inhibitor [PAI]-1, matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-2, and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase [TIMP]-2). The origin of intragraft fibroblasts was studied using female to male allografts followed by polymerase chain reaction [PCR] and in situ hybridization for the male sry gene.


The cardiac fibroblasts isolated from allografts with chronic rejection exhibited higher gel contractibility (50.9% +/- 6.1% and 68.2% +/- 3.8% at 4 and 24 hr) compared with naive cardiac fibroblasts (30.7% +/- 3.5% and 55.3% +/- 6.6% at 4 and 24 hr; P<0.05 and <0.05, respectively). Immunostaining for TGF-beta, PDGF, TPA, PAI-1, MMP-2 and TIMP-2 was observed in all allografts at the time of rejection. In situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of sry positive cells in female allografts rejected by male recipients. Sixty-five percent of fibroblast colonies (55 of 85) isolated from female heart allografts expressed the male sry gene.


Cardiac fibroblasts are activated and exist in a profibrogenic microenvironment in allografts undergoing chronic rejection. A substantial proportion of intragraft fibroblasts are recruited from allograft recipients in this experimental model of chronic cardiac allograft rejection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center