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Ann Bot. 2003 Oct;92(4):601-12. Epub 2003 Aug 15.

Day and night temperature responses in Arabidopsis: effects on gibberellin and auxin content, cell size, morphology and flowering time.

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  • 1Department of Horticulture and Crop Sciences, Agricultural University of Norway, N-1432 As, Norway.


The effect of 16 different day (DT) and night (NT) temperature combinations (DT and NT 12, 17, 22 and 27 degrees C) on rosette leaf growth, flower stem elongation and flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana Ler was investigated. Final leaf length decreased with increasing NT due to a combination of reduced elongation period and reduced elongation rate. Final stem length increased with increasing DT due to increased elongation rate, and decreased with increasing NT due to a decrease in elongation period. Under NT 27 degrees C, however, stem elongation rate increased greatly, resulting in the same final stem length as under NT 12 degrees C. The transition to flowering was accelerated by increasing NT. A linear regression analysis was performed to clarify the relationship between final leaf length, final stem length and flowering time with DIF (DT minus NT) and/or ADT (average daily temperature). For all three variables, the effect of DIF depended on ADT and vice versa. The relationship of final stem length with DIF also depended on the temperature range. Increased cell volume in flower stems developing at DT/NT 22/12 degrees C gave rise to longer and thicker stems compared with stems developing at DT/NT 12/22 degrees C. GC-MS analysis (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) showed that the endogenous level of IAA was 56 % higher in stems grown under DT/NT 22/12 degrees C compared with DT/NT 12/22 degrees C. Of the 12 gibberellins analysed, however, only the level of non-bioactive GA29 was affected by the temperature treatment.

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