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Vaccine. 2003 Sep 8;21(25-26):3721-9.

Induction of immunity in swine by purified recombinant VP1 of foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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Institute of Bioagricultural Sciences, Academia Sinica, No. 128 Academia Road, Section 2 Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.


VP1, a capsid protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), contains neutralizing epitopes of the virus. Due to its poor water solubility, recombinant Escherichia coli derived VP1 (rVP1) has previously been used mainly in a denatured form and is not well characterized. Here, using SDS to assist protein refolding and then removing SDS with a detergent removing column, we have successfully purified rVP1 in two aqueous-soluble forms, i.e. monomer and dimer. Studies showed that dimerization occurs by an inter-molecular disulfide bond between two cysteine residues at position 187 of each monomer. Heat treatment revealed that rVP1 dimer exhibited a more thermal-stable conformation than the monomeric form. Both monomeric and dimeric rVP1 reacted with anti-FMDV antibodies. Immunization studies demonstrated that vaccination of swine with either forms of rVP1 was effective in generating immune responses and protecting them from viral challenge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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