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Leuk Res. 2003 Dec;27(12):1077-83.

Phase I and pharmacodynamic study of Triapine, a novel ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor, in patients with advanced leukemia.

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Department of Leukemia, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Box 428, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


In a phase I study, 24 patients with refractory leukemia received Triapine, a novel ribonucleotide reductase (RR) inhibitor, as a continuous intravenous infusion over 96 h beginning on days 1 and 15 or days 1 and 8. On the days 1 and 15 regimen, the starting dose was 120 mg/m(2) per day, and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 160 mg/m(2) per day. Three of eight patients receiving 160 mg/m(2) per day in the first course, and one patient escalated to this dose in a second course, developed hepatic dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). For the days 1 and 8 regimen, the first 96 h infusion was administered at a fixed dose of 140 mg/m(2) per day. The dose of the second infusion beginning on day 8 was escalated from 120 to 160 mg/m(2) per day without observing DLT. No objective responses occurred. Over 70% of patients had a >50% reduction in white blood cell counts. The steady-state levels of Triapine were between 0.6 and 1 microM. As expected from the in vitro studies, at these plasma concentrations there was a decline in dATP and dGTP pools and a decrease in DNA synthetic capacity of the circulating leukemia cells. Based on these clinical, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic data, Triapine warrants further study in patients with hematologic malignancies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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