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Mol Endocrinol. 2003 Nov;17(11):2211-27. Epub 2003 Aug 14.

Janus kinase 2 determinants for growth hormone receptor association, surface assembly, and signaling.

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Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-0012, USA.


GH signaling depends on functional interaction of the GH receptor (GHR) and the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), which possesses a C-terminal kinase domain, a catalytically inactive pseudokinase domain just N-terminal to the kinase domain, and an N-terminal half shown by us and others to harbor elements for GHR association. Computational analyses indicate that JAKs contain in their N termini ( approximately 450 residues) divergent FERM domains. FERM domains (or subdomains within them) in JAKS may be important for associations with cytokine receptors. For some cytokine receptors, JAK interaction may be required for receptor surface expression. We previously demonstrated that a JAK2 mutant devoid of its N-terminal 239 residues (JAK2-Delta1-239) did not associate with GHR and could not mediate GH- induced signaling. In this report we employ a JAK2-deficient cell line to further define N-terminal JAK2 regions required for physical and functional association with the GHR. We also examine whether JAK2 expression affects cell surface expression of the GHR. Our results suggest that FERM motifs play an important role in the interaction of GHR and JAK2. While JAK2 expression is not required for detectable surface GHR expression, an increased JAK2 level increases the fraction of GHRs that achieves resistance to deglycosylation by endoglycosidase H, suggesting that the GHR-JAK2 association may enhance either the receptor's efficiency of maturation or its stability. Further, we report evidence for the existence of a novel GH-inducible functional interaction between JAK2 molecules that may be important in the mechanism of GH-triggered JAK2 signaling.

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