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Microbes Infect. 2003 Aug;5(10):841-50.

AFLP analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates of phage types DT 9 and DT 135: diversity within phage types and its epidemiological significance.

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School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.


Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) was applied to 35 and 34 isolates, respectively, of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium phage types DT 9 and DT 135, using eight primer pair combinations. Eight and 17 AFLP types were observed in DT 9 and DT 135, respectively. DT 9 is rare in the UK and common in Australia, but one AFLP form dominated with 28 isolates, comprising 22 of 25 UK isolates, four of five Australian isolates, one Jamaican and one Spanish isolate. Of the others, two UK isolates are closely related to the major form, two from elsewhere are in the major cluster and three isolates from different countries are in a separate cluster. For DT 135, two closely related AFLP types of seven and 11 isolates form the major cluster, which also includes 11 isolates, mostly in single-isolate AFLP types, while five isolates from different countries form a well-separated minor cluster. For both DTs all isolates are grouped together if only the phage type specific bands identified earlier are used, confirming their value for molecular-based 'phage typing'. Polymorphic markers identified in this study could also be used for subtyping within both phage types. The value of AFLP is in locating DNA fragments useful for typing, but implementation of a replacement typing scheme would probably involve multiplex PCR or microarray technologies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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