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J Chem Ecol. 2003 Jun;29(6):1417-33.

A saponin correlated with variable resistance of Barbarea vulgaris to the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella.

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Chemistry Department, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.


Two types of Barbarea vulgaris var. arcuata, the G-type and the P-type, differed in resistance to larvae of the diamondback moth (DBM) Platella xylostella. Rosette plants of the G-type were fully resistant to the DBM when grown in a greenhouse or collected in the summer season, but leaves collected during the late fall were less resistant, as previously found for flea beetle resistance. The P-type was always susceptible. Extracts of resistant leaflets inhibited larval growth in a bioassay, and a growth-inhibiting fraction was isolated by activity-guided fractionation. A triterpenoid saponin (1) was isolated from this fraction and identified as 3-O-beta-cellobiosyloleanolic acid from spectroscopic data and analysis of hydrolysis products. The decrease in resistance of the G-type in the fall was correlated with a decrease in the level of 1, from 0.6-0.9 to < 0.2 micromol/g dry wt. Compound 1 was not detected in the susceptible P-type. We conclude that 1 is correlated with the variable resistance of B. vulgaris foliage to the DBM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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