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World J Gastroenterol. 2003 Aug;9(8):1804-7.

Contractile effects and intracellular Ca2+ signalling induced by emodin in circular smooth muscle cells of rat colon.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300052, China. mataoemail@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate whether emodin has any effects on circular smooth muscle cells of rat colon and to examine the mechanism underlying its effect.

METHODS:

Smooth muscle cells were isolated from the circular muscle layer of Wistar rat colon and the cell length was measured by computerized image micrometry. Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) signalling was studied in smooth muscle cells using Ca(2+) indicator Fluo-3 AM on a laser-scanning confocal microscope.

RESULTS:

Emodin dose-dependently induced smooth muscle cells contraction. The contractile responses induced by emodin were inhibited by preincubation of the cells with ML-7 (an inhibitor of MLCK). Emodin caused a large, transient increase in [Ca(2+)]i followed by a sustained elevation in [Ca(2+)]i. The emodin -induced increase in [Ca(2+)]i was unaffected by nifedipine, a voltage-gated Ca(2+)-channel antagonist, and the sustained phase of the rising of [Ca(2+)]i was attenuated by extracellular Ca(2+) removal with EGTA solution. Inhibiting Ca(2+) release from ryanodine-sensitive intracellular stores by ryanodine reduced the peak increase in [Ca(2+)]i. Using heparin, an antagonist of IP(3)R, almost abolished the peak increase in [Ca(2+)]i.

CONCLUSION:

Emodin has a direct excitatory effect on circular smooth muscle cells in rat colon mediated via Ca(2+)/CaM dependent pathways. Furthermore, emodin-induced peak [Ca(2+)]i increase may be attributable to the Ca(2+) release from IP(3) sensitive stores, which further promote Ca(2+) release from ryanodine-sensitive stores through CICR mechanism. Additionally, Ca(2+) influx from extracellular medium contributes to the sustained increase in [Ca(2+)]i.

PMID:
12918125
PMCID:
PMC4611548
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v9.i8.1804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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