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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003 Sep;52(3):365-70. Epub 2003 Aug 13.

Comparison of the Sensititre YeastOne colorimetric antifungal panel and Etest with the NCCLS M38-A method to determine the activity of amphotericin B and itraconazole against clinical isolates of Aspergillus spp.

Author information

1
Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario de Valme, Sevilla, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The evaluation of the Sensititre YeastOne and Etest methods for determining susceptibility to amphotericin B and itraconazole by comparing the MICs obtained by these methods at different times of reading with those of the M38-A broth microdilution method.

METHODS:

Sixty-three clinical isolates of Aspergillus spp. (23 Aspergillus flavus, 24 Aspergillus fumigatus, nine Aspergillus niger, three Aspergillus glaucus, two Aspergillus terreus and two Aspergillus flavipes) were assayed. Two itraconazole-resistant strains (NCPF7100 and 7099) were also included.

RESULTS:

Itraconazole MICs for the two resistant strains were >4 mg/L by the three methods. The overall agreement (+/-2 log2) between M38-A (48 h) and colorimetric (48 h) method was 93.4% for amphotericin B and 90.2% for itraconazole. By the Etest, the best agreement with M38-A was obtained when readings were made at 24 h: 88.5% for amphotericin B and 67.2% for itraconazole. Etest MICs were higher for all species except A. niger.

CONCLUSIONS:

The colorimetric method appears to be a suitable alternative procedure for antifungal susceptibility testing of Aspergillus spp. and is able to detect resistance to itraconazole. The range of MICs for amphotericin B by Etest is wider and for some strains is >16 mg/L, suggesting that this method could be useful for detecting resistant strains as occur in yeasts.

PMID:
12917236
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkg384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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