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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Aug;88(8):3794-800.

Influence of rosiglitazone treatment on beta-cell function in type 2 diabetes: evidence of an increased ability of glucose to entrain high-frequency insulin pulsatility.

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Medical Department M (Endocrinology and Diabetes), Arhus University Hospital, 8000 Arhus, Denmark.


Thiazolidinediones have well-established insulin-sensitizing effects. Their impact on insulin secretion is less clarified. Consequently, we sought to determine potential effects of a thiazolidinedione (rosiglitazone) on the beta-cell function. Twenty type 2 diabetic individuals were randomized to receive rosiglitazone (rosi) 4 mg twice daily or placebo (pla) for 13 wk. Before treatment and at the end of the treatment period, the patients underwent an iv glucose tolerance test (0.3 g/kg), a hyperglycemic (15 mmol/liter) clamp with arginine (5 g) stimulation, assessment of baseline high-frequency insulin pulsatility, and glucose-entrained insulin pulsatility (6 mg/kg.min every 10 min), and a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. Fasting plasma glucose was reduced (pla, 8.2 +/- 2.1 vs. 8.8 +/- 2.6 mmol/liter; rosi, 8.6 +/- 7.1 vs. 7.1 +/- 1.2 mmol/liter; P < 0.01), and insulin sensitivity was increased by rosiglitazone treatment (M value: pla, 5.3 +/- 1.8 vs. 5.4 +/- 1.6 mg/kg.min; rosi, 5.9 +/- 2.2 vs. 7.4 +/- 1.3 mg/kg.min; P = 0.05). First-phase insulin secretion and insulin secretory capacity were unaffected. Glucose-entrained insulin secretion was increased as assessed by spectral power analysis (P = 0.05). In conclusion, rosiglitazone treatment for 3 months in type 2 diabetic patients exerts no action on insulin secretion per se. Improved glucose-entrained high-frequency insulin pulsatility suggests an increased ability of the beta-cell to sense and respond to glucose changes within the physiological range.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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