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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Aug;88(8):3738-46.

Action of ciprofibrate in type IIb hyperlipoproteinemia: modulation of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype and stimulation of high-density lipoprotein-mediated cellular cholesterol efflux.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Unité 551, Dyslipoproteinemia and Atherosclerosis, Hôpital de la Pitié, 75651 Paris, France.


The effects of ciprofibrate (100 mg/d) on apolipoprotein (apo)B- and apoAI-containing lipoprotein subclasses, cholesteryl ester (CE) transfer protein activity, and plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mediated cellular cholesterol efflux were evaluated in 10 patients displaying type IIB hyperlipidemia. Plasma concentrations of large very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-1 (Sf 60-400) and of small VLDL-2 (Sf 20-60) were markedly diminished after fibrate treatment (-40%, P = 0.001; and -25%, P = 0.003, respectively). We observed a reduction (-17%; P = 0.005) in plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels resulting from significant reductions in concentrations of dense LDL particles (-46%; P < 0.0001). Ciprofibrate induced elevation in plasma total HDL (+13%; P = 0.005) levels; such elevation occurred preferentially in HDL-3 (+22%; P = 0.009). Marked reduction in numbers of atherogenic apoB100-containing particle acceptors was associated with a 25% decrease (P < 0.02) in CE transfer protein-mediated CE transfer from HDL. Finally, a significant fibrate-mediated elevation (+13%; P = 0.01 compared with baseline) in the capacity of plasma from type IIB subjects to mediate free cholesterol efflux from scavenger receptor class B, type I-expressing Fu5AH hepatoma cells was observed. In conclusion, the action of ciprofibrate in type IIB dyslipidemia leads to preferential reduction in particle numbers of atherogenic VLDL-1, VLDL-2, and dense LDL and, concomitantly, to elevation in HDL-3 levels that are associated with stimulation of HDL-mediated cellular free cholesterol efflux through the scavenger receptor class B, type I receptor pathway.

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