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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Aug;88(8):3515-20.

Inhibin A, inhibin B, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels in 473 healthy infant girls.

Author information

1
University Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. rh04632@rh.dk

Abstract

The early postnatal regulation of reproductive hormones seems to be more complex in girls than in boys. The aim of this study was to describe inhibins A and B, FSH, LH, estradiol, and SHBG in a large prospective cohort of 473 unselected, healthy, 3-month-old girls. In full term, appropriate-for- gestational-age girls (n = 355) hormones showed a marked interindividual variation, with concentrations up to pubertal values [medians (95% confidence intervals): inhibin B, 82 pg/ml (<20-175); FSH, 3.8 IU/liter (1.2-18.8); LH, 0.07 IU/liter (<0.05-1.07); estradiol, 31 pM (<18-83); SHBG, 137 nM (72-260)]. In 38%, FSH levels exceeded 4.5 IU/liter. Weight at 3 months had significant inverse relationships with estradiol and SHBG (P = 0.048 and P = 0.001, respectively). Gestational age was negatively correlated to estradiol (P = 0.001), with a similar trend for LH, FSH, and inhibin B. Inhibin B was higher in premature girls [126 pg/ml (<20-265)] than in term [80 pg/ml (<20-181), P = 0.002] and postmature girls [59 pg/ml (<20-152), P = 0.012]. Likewise, estradiol levels in prematures were higher than in mature girls [51 pM (<18-128) vs. 31 pM (<18-85), P = 0.009]. Estradiol was also higher in small-for-gestational-age than in appropriate-for-gestational-age girls (P = 0.046), with inhibin B and LH, but not FSH, showing a similar trend. In conclusion, reproductive hormones showed a large variation, and concentrations corresponded to those observed in puberty. Our findings support the concept of a minipuberty in infant girls similar to that in boys.

PMID:
12915629
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2002-021468
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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