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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Sep;33(9):949-57.

Characterization of RNA interference in an Anopheles gambiae cell line.

Author information

1
Yale University School of Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Abstract

Introduction of double stranded RNA into invertebrate cells often results in posttranscriptional silencing of target genes through a mechanism termed RNA interference (RNAi). Double-stranded RNA is cleaved by an RNAse III-like enzyme, termed dicer, to small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). In Drosophila, these siRNAs are incorporated in the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC) and mediate degradation of target mRNA. The RISC complex contains members of Argonaute (Ago) family of proteins. We show here that RNAi in a hemocyte cell line of Anopheles gambiae, the principal malaria vector in Africa, requires expression of dicer-2, Ago2 and Ago3 proteins. Furthermore, we demonstrate that RNAi in the mosquito does not spread outside of the target region, suggesting that RNA dependent RNA polymerase mediated transitive amplification is absent in the mosquito.

PMID:
12915186
DOI:
10.1016/s0965-1748(03)00101-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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