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Anaesthesia. 2003 Sep;58(9):885-8.

The effect of normobaric hyperoxia on cardiac index in healthy awake volunteers.

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University of Glasgow Department of Anaesthesia, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Queen Elizabeth Building, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER.


Fifteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a stepwise increase in FIO2 between 0.21 and 1.0, and their haemodynamic responses were measured with a non-invasive transthoracic bio-impedance monitor. There was mean reduction in cardiac index from 3.44 to 3.08 l.min-1.m-2 (10.7%, p < 0.001). The mean reduction in heart rate was from 77.3 to 69.1 beats.min-1 (10.5%, p < 0.001) and the mean systemic vascular index increased from 2062 to 2221 (7.7%, p < 0.025). There were no significant changes in stroke index or mean arterial pressure. These changes are similar quantitatively and qualitatively to those previously reported by dye dilution techniques.

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