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Fertil Steril. 2003 Aug;80(2):356-62.

Assessing the clinical utility of in vitro fertilization with intracytoplasmic sperm injection in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 serodiscordant couples: report of 113 consecutive cycles.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the utility and safety of in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) serodiscordant couples.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

SETTING:

University-based practice.

PATIENT(S):

HIV-1 seropositive men and seronegative women undergoing IVF-ICSI.IVF-ICSI, HIV testing of female partner and infants.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

IVF performance, pregnancy rates, and HIV-1 seroconversion rate.

RESULT(S):

We initiated 113 IVF cycles in 61 serodiscordant couples. Due to poor ovarian response, 11.5% of cycles were canceled. The number of oocytes collected per retrieval was 17.11 +/- 9.52 (2 to 47), yielding 13.90 +/- 8.12 (1 to 42) mature oocytes suitable for ICSI, and 9.34 +/- 5.45 (0 to 24) normal fertilized oocytes. We transferred 3.54 +/- 1.09 (1 to 6) embryos. The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 44.8% per embryo transfer (ET); ongoing/delivered pregnancy rate was 36.5% per ET, with a 57.1% multiple gestation rate. Cumulatively, 50.8% of couples achieved a successful pregnancy through IVF-ICSI, 54.1% when including frozen ET cycles. There were no HIV-1 seroconversions in patients or delivered babies.

CONCLUSION(S):

HIV-1 serodiscordant couples who undergo IVF-ICSI to avoid disease transmission experience high rates of success, but also encounter complications from assisted reproductive technology similar to traditional patients. The best candidates appear to be younger women without strong risk factors for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

PMID:
12909499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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